The MYH (MutY glycosylase homologue) increases replication fidelity by removing adenines or 2-hydroxyadenine misincorporated opposite GO (7,8-dihydro-8-oxo-guanine). The 9-1-1 complex (Rad9, Rad1 and Hus1 heterotrimer complex) has been suggested as a DNA damage sensor. Here, we report that hMYH (human MYH) interacts with hHus1 (human Hus1) and hRad1 (human Rad1), but not with hRad9. In addition, interactions between MYH and the 9-1-1 complex, from both the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe and human cells, are partially interchangeable. The major Hus1-binding site is localized to residues 295–350 of hMYH and to residues 245–293 of SpMYH (S. pombe MYH). Val315 of hMYH and Ile261 of SpMYH play important roles for their interactions with Hus1. hHus1 protein and the 9-1-1 complex of S. pombe can enhance the glycosylase activity of SpMYH. Moreover, the interaction of hMYH–hHus1 is enhanced following ionizing radiation. A significant fraction of the hMYH nuclear foci co-localizes with hRad9 foci in H2O2-treated cells. These results reveal that the 9-1-1 complex plays a direct role in base excision repair.
Physical and functional interactions between MutY glycosylase homologue (MYH) and checkpoint proteins Rad9–Rad1–Hus1
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Guoli Shi, Dau-Yin Chang, Chih-Chien Cheng, Xin Guan, Česlovas Venclovas, A-Lien Lu; Physical and functional interactions between MutY glycosylase homologue (MYH) and checkpoint proteins Rad9–Rad1–Hus1. Biochem J 15 November 2006; 400 (1): 53–62. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/BJ20060774
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