Hypoxia induces profound changes in the cellular gene expression profile. The discovery of a major transcription factor family activated by hypoxia, HIF (hypoxia-inducible factor), and the factors that contribute to HIF regulation have greatly enhanced our knowledge of the molecular aspects of the hypoxic response. However, in addition to HIF, other transcription factors and cellular pathways are activated by exposure to reduced oxygen. In the present review, we summarize the current knowledge of how additional hypoxia-responsive transcription factors integrate with HIF and how other cellular pathways such as chromatin remodelling, translation regulation and microRNA induction, contribute to the co-ordinated cellular response observed following hypoxic stress.
Review Article| July 29 2008
Regulation of gene expression by hypoxia
Niall Steven Kenneth;
Sonia Rocha 1
1College of Life Sciences, Wellcome Trust Centre for Gene Regulation and Expression, MSI/WTB/JBC Complex, Dow Street, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 5EH, Scotland, U.K.
1To whom correspondence should be addressed (email firstname.lastname@example.org).
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Niall Steven Kenneth, Sonia Rocha; Regulation of gene expression by hypoxia. Biochem J 15 August 2008; 414 (1): 19–29. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/BJ20081055
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