The extracellular region of a group of cell-surface receptors known as the polycystic kidney disease 1 family, containing, among others, polycystin-1, has been controversially described as containing four FNIII (fibronectin type III) domains or one REJ (receptor of egg jelly protein) module in the same portion of polypeptide. Stimulated by recent atomic force microscopy work, we re-examined the similarity of these four domains with a FNIII sequence profile showing the evolutionary relationship. Two of the predicted domains could be expressed in bacteria and refolded to give a protein suitable for biophysical study, and one of these expressed solubly. CD spectroscopy showed that both domains contain a significant amount of β-sheet, in good agreement with theoretical predictions. Confirmation of independent folding as a domain is obtained from highly co-operative thermal and urea unfolding curves. Excellent dispersion of peaks in the high-field region of one-dimensional NMR spectra confirms the presence of a hydrophobic core. Analytical ultracentrifugation and analytical gel filtration agree very well with the narrow linewidths in the NMR spectra that at least one of the domains is monomeric. On the basis of this combined theoretical and experimental analysis, we show that the extracellular portion of polycystin-1 does indeed contain β-sheet domains, probably FNIII, and that, consequently, the REJ module is not a single domain.
When a module is not a domain: the case of the REJ module and the redefinition of the architecture of polycystin-1
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Samantha Schröder, Franca Fraternali, Xueping Quan, David Scott, Feng Qian, Mark Pfuhl; When a module is not a domain: the case of the REJ module and the redefinition of the architecture of polycystin-1. Biochem J 1 May 2011; 435 (3): 651–660. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/BJ20101810
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