Altered production of Aβ (amyloid-β peptide), derived from the proteolytic cleavage of APP (amyloid precursor protein), is believed to be central to the pathogenesis of AD (Alzheimer's disease). Accumulating evidence reveals that APPc (APP C-terminal domain)-interacting proteins can influence APP processing. There is also evidence to suggest that APPc-interacting proteins work co-operatively and competitively to maintain normal APP functions and processing. Hence, identification of the full complement of APPc-interacting proteins is an important step for improving our understanding of APP processing. Using the yeast two-hybrid system, in the present study we identified GULP1 (engulfment adaptor protein 1) as a novel APPc-interacting protein. We found that the GULP1–APP interaction is mediated by the NPTY motif of APP and the GULP1 PTB (phosphotyrosine-binding) domain. Confocal microscopy revealed that a proportion of APP and GULP1 co-localized in neurons. In an APP–GAL4 reporter assay, we demonstrated that GULP1 altered the processing of APP. Moreover, overexpression of GULP1 enhanced the generation of APP CTFs (C-terminal fragments) and Aβ, whereas knockdown of GULP1 suppressed APP CTFs and Aβ production. The results of the present study reveal that GULP1 is a novel APP/APPc-interacting protein that influences APP processing and Aβ production.

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