Chronic feeding of HCD (high-carbohydrate diet) is one of the major contributors to the prevailing of metabolic diseases. ATF4 (activating transcription factor 4) has been shown to play an important role in the regulation of glucose metabolism and obesity development; however, it is unclear how ATF4−/− mice respond to HCD. In the present study, we show that 8 weeks of HCD results in significant higher accumulation of TAGs (triacylglycerols) in livers and impairment in glucose tolerance in ATF4+/+ mice, but not in ATF4−/− mice, compared with those on a normal diet. Meanwhile, energy expenditure is further enhanced by HCD in ATF4−/− mice. Moreover, we show that ATF4 deficiency suppresses HCD-induced SCD1 (stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1) expression, furthermore, oral supplementation of the main product of SCD1 oleate (18:1) increases TAG accumulation in livers of ATF4−/− mice. Taken together, these results suggest that ATF4 deficiency is protective for HCD-induced hepatic steatosis and impairment of glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity. Furthermore, the resistance to hepatic steatosis is at least in part due to suppression of SCD1 expression under HCD.

You do not currently have access to this content.