FK506-binding proteins 12.6 (FKBP12.6) and 12 (FKBP12) tightly associate with the cardiac ryanodine receptor (RyR2). Studies suggest that dissociation of FKBP12.6 from mutant forms of RyR2 contributes to store overload-induced Ca2+ release (SOICR) and Ca2+-triggered arrhythmias. However, these findings are controversial. Previous studies focused on the effect of FKBP12.6 on the initiation of SOICR and did not explore changes in the termination of Ca2+ release. Less is known about FKBP12. We aimed to determine the effect of FKBP12.6 and FKBP12 on the termination of SOICR. Using single-cell imaging, in cells expressing wild-type RyR2, we found that FKBP12.6 and FKBP12 significantly increase the termination threshold of SOICR without changing the activation threshold of SOICR. This effect, dependent on the association of each FKBP with RyR2, reduced the magnitude of Ca2+ release but had no effect on the propensity for SOICR. In contrast, neither FKBP12.6 nor FKBP12 was able to regulate an arrhythmogenic variant of RyR2, despite a conserved protein interaction. Our results suggest that both FKBP12.6 and FKBP12 play critical roles in regulating RyR2 function by facilitating the termination of SOICR. The inability of FKBPs to mediate a similar effect on the mutant RyR2 represents a novel mechanism by which mutations within RyR2 lead to arrhythmia.

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