β-Blockers are a standard treatment for heart failure and cardiac arrhythmias. There are ∼30 commonly used β-blockers, representing a diverse class of drugs with different receptor affinities and pleiotropic properties. We reported that among 14 β-blockers tested previously, only carvedilol effectively suppressed cardiac ryanodine receptor (RyR2)-mediated spontaneous Ca2+ waves during store Ca2+ overload, also known as store overload-induced Ca2+ release (SOICR). Given the critical role of SOICR in arrhythmogenesis, it is of importance to determine whether there are other β-blockers that suppress SOICR. Here, we assessed the effect of other commonly used β-blockers on RyR2-mediated SOICR in HEK293 cells, using single-cell Ca2+ imaging. Of the 13 β-blockers tested, only nebivolol, a β-1-selective β-blocker with nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-stimulating action, effectively suppressed SOICR. The NOS inhibitor (N-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester) had no effect on nebivolol's SOICR inhibition, and the NOS activator (histamine or prostaglandin E2) alone did not inhibit SOICR. Hence, nebivolol's SOICR inhibition was independent of NOS stimulation. Like carvedilol, nebivolol reduced the opening of single RyR2 channels and suppressed spontaneous Ca2+ waves in intact hearts and catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) in the mice harboring a RyR2 mutation (R4496C). Interestingly, a non-β-blocking nebivolol enantiomer, (l)-nebivolol, also suppressed SOICR and CPVT without lowering heart rate. These data indicate that nebivolol, like carvedilol, possesses a RyR2-targeted action that suppresses SOICR and SOICR-evoked VTs. Thus, nebivolol represents a promising agent for Ca2+-triggered arrhythmias.

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