Oxidative stress plays a pivotal role in pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes; however, the roles of protein kinase A (PKA) and human phosphodiesterase 3A (hPDE3A) remain unknown. Here, we show that yeast expressing wild-type (WT) hPDE3A or K13R hPDE3A (putative ubiquitinylation site mutant) exhibited resistance or sensitivity to exogenous hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), respectively. H2O2-stimulated ROS production was markedly increased in yeast expressing K13R hPDE3A (Oxidative stress Sensitive 1, OxiS1), compared with yeast expressing WT hPDE3A (Oxidative stress Resistant 1, OxiR1). In OxiR1, YAP1 and YAP1-dependent antioxidant genes were up-regulated, accompanied by a reduction in thioredoxin peroxidase. In OxiS1, expression of YAP1 and YAP1-dependent genes was impaired, and the thioredoxin system malfunctioned. H2O2 increased cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-hydrolyzing activity of WT hPDE3A, but not K13R hPDE3A, through PKA-dependent phosphorylation of hPDE3A, which was correlated with its ubiquitinylation. The changes in antioxidant gene expression did not directly correlate with differences in cAMP–PKA signaling. Despite differences in their capacities to hydrolyze cAMP, total cAMP levels among OxiR1, OxiS1, and mock were similar; PKA activity, however, was lower in OxiS1 than in OxiR1 or mock. During exposure to H2O2, however, Sch9p activity, a target of Rapamycin complex 1-regulated Rps6 kinase and negative-regulator of PKA, was rapidly reduced in OxiR1, and Tpk1p, a PKA catalytic subunit, was diffusely spread throughout the cytosol, with PKA activation. In OxiS1, Sch9p activity was unchanged during exposure to H2O2, consistent with reduced activation of PKA. These results suggest that, during oxidative stress, TOR-Sch9 signaling might regulate PKA activity, and that post-translational modifications of hPDE3A are critical in its regulation of cellular recovery from oxidative stress.
Effects of heterologous expression of human cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase 3A (hPDE3A) on redox regulation in yeast
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Dong Keun Rhee, Jung Chae Lim, Steven C. Hockman, Faiyaz Ahmad, Dong Ho Woo, Youn Wook Chung, Shiwei Liu, Allison L. Hockman, Vincent C. Manganiello; Effects of heterologous expression of human cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase 3A (hPDE3A) on redox regulation in yeast. Biochem J 15 November 2016; 473 (22): 4205–4225. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/BCJ20160572
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