Control of organ size is a fundamental aspect in biology and plays important roles in development. The Hippo pathway is a conserved signaling cascade that controls tissue and organ size through the regulation of cell proliferation and apoptosis. Here, we report on the roles of Hcf (host cell factor), the Drosophila homolog of Host cell factor 1, in regulating the Hippo signaling pathway. Loss-of-Hcf function causes tissue undergrowth and the down-regulation of Hippo target gene expression. Genetic analysis reveals that Hcf is required for Hippo pathway-mediated overgrowth. Mechanistically, we show that Hcf associates with the histone H3 lysine-4 methyltransferase Trithorax-related (Trr) to maintain H3K4 mono- and trimethylation. Thus, we conclude that Hcf positively regulates Hippo pathway activity through forming a complex with Trr and controlling H3K4 methylation.

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