In the immune system, T lymphocytes undergo rapid clonal expansion upon pathogen infection. Following pathogen clearance, most of proliferated T cells will be eliminated by the apoptosis pathway to keep the balance of immune cells. FASLG, by interacting with its cognate receptor FAS, plays a major role in controlling the T cell death. FASLG is a type II transmembrane protein, with its C-terminal extracellular domain responsible for interacting with FAS. The N-terminal cytosolic region, despite short and intrinsically disordered, plays critical roles on the protein stability and transportation. The correct localization, either on the plasma membrane or secreted with exosome, or shed into the extracellular region after protease cleavage, has a great impact on the proper function of FASLG. Following synthesis, FASLG is transported by intracellular vesicle transportation system to the final destination. In this report, ALG2, a molecule identified in the T cell apoptosis and shown to be involved in vesicle trafficking previously, was found to interact with FASLG and regulate FASLG transportation. Therefore, we identified a new regulating factor for FASLG function within T cells and also revealed a new pathway for ALG2 involvement in T cell apoptosis.

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