Regulated cell death (RCD) is an essential process that plays key roles along the plant life cycle. Unlike accidental cell death, which is an uncontrolled biological process, RCD involves integrated signaling cascades and precise molecular-mediated mechanisms that are triggered in response to specific exogenous or endogenous stimuli. Ferroptosis is a cell death pathway characterized by the iron-dependent accumulation of lipid reactive oxygen species. Although first described in animals, ferroptosis in plants shares all the main core mechanisms observed for ferroptosis in other systems. In plants as in animals, oxidant and antioxidant systems outline the process of lipid peroxidation during ferroptosis. In plants, cellular compartments such as mitochondria, chloroplasts and cytosol act cooperatively and coordinately to respond to changing redox environments. This particular context makes plants a unique model to study redox status regulation and cell death. In this review, we focus on our most recent understanding of the regulation of redox state and lipid peroxidation in plants and their role during ferroptosis.
Ferroptosis in plants: regulation of lipid peroxidation and redox status
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Ayelén Mariana Distéfano, Gabriel Alejandro López, Victoria Bauer, Eduardo Zabaleta, Gabriela Carolina Pagnussat; Ferroptosis in plants: regulation of lipid peroxidation and redox status. Biochem J 14 April 2022; 479 (7): 857–866. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/BCJ20210682
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