1. Lipogenesis was studied in mice re-fed for up to 21 days after starvation. At appropriate times [U−14]glucose was given by stomach tube and incorporation of 14C into various lipid fractions measured. 2. In mice starved for 48hr. and then re-fed for 4 days with a diet containing 1% of corn oil, incorporation of 14C from [U−14C]glucose into liver fatty acids and cholesterol was respectively threefold and eightfold higher than in controls fed ad libitum. The percentages by weight of fatty acids and cholesterol in the liver also increased and reached peaks after 7 days. Both the radioactivity and weights of the fractions returned to control values after 10–14 days' re-feeding. These changes could be diminished by re-feeding the mice with a diet containing 20% of corn oil. Incorporation of 14C from [U−14C]glucose into extrahepatic fatty acids (excluding those of the epididymal fat pads) was not elevated during re-feeding with a diet containing either 1% or 20% of corn oil. However, incorporation of 14C from [U−14C]glucose into the fatty acids of the epididymal fat pads was increased in mice re-fed with either diet, as compared with non-starved controls. 3. Lipogenesis was also studied in mice alternately fed and starved. Mice given a diet containing 1% of corn oil for 6hr./day for 4 weeks lost weight initially and never attained the weight or carcass fat content of controls fed ad libitum. Incorporation of 14C from dietary [U−14C]-glucose into the fatty acids of the epididymal fat pads was elevated threefold in the mice allowed limited access to food, although the incorporation into the remainder of the extrahepatic fatty acids was not different from that found for controls. Mice given a diet containing 20% of corn oil for 6hr./day adapted to the limited feeding regimen quicker and in 4 weeks did attain the weight and carcass fat content of controls. Incorporation of 14C from [U−14C]glucose into the fatty acids of the epididymal fat pads and the remainder of the extrahepatic fatty acids was respectively fivefold and threefold higher than in controls fed ad libitum. 4. The elevation in liver lipogenesis during re-feeding was greatest on a diet containing 1% of corn oil, whereas in extrahepatic tissues the increase in lipogenesis was greater when the mice were re-fed or were allowed limited access to a diet containing 20% of corn oil. These results suggest that the causes of the increased rate of incorporation of 14C from [U−14C]glucose into fatty acids during re-feeding may be different in liver from that in extrahepatic tissues.

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