1. The effects of dicyclohexylcarbodi-imide, oligomycin A and aurovertin on enzyme systems related to respiratory-chain phosphorylation were compared. Dicyclohexylcarbodi-imide and oligomycin A have very similar functional effects, giving 50% inhibition of ATP-utilizing and ATP-generating systems at concentrations below 0·8nmole/mg. of submitochondrial-particle protein. Aurovertin is a more potent inhibitor of ATP synthesis, giving 50% inhibition at 0·2nmole/mg. of protein. However, aurovertin is a less potent inhibitor of ATP-utilizing systems: the ATP-driven energy-linked nicotinamide nucleotide transhydrogenase is 50% inhibited at 3·0nmoles/mg. of protein and the ATP-driven reduction of NAD+ by succinate is 50% inhibited at 0·95nmole/mg. of protein. 2. With EDTA-particles (prepared by subjecting mitochondria to ultrasonic radiation at pH9 in the presence of 2mm-EDTA) the maximum stimulation of the ATP-driven partial reactions is effected by similar concentrations of oligomycin A and dicylcohexylcarbodi-imide, but the latter is less effective. The stimulatory effects of suboptimum concentrations of dicyclohexylcarbodi-imide and oligomycin A are additive. Aurovertin does not stimulate these reactions or interfere with the stimulation by the other inhibitors. 3. Dicyclohexylcarbodi-imide and oligomycin A stimulate the aerobic energy-linked nicotinamide nucleotide transhydrogenase of EDTA-particles, but the optimum concentration is higher than that required for the ATP-driven partial reactions. Aurovertin has no effect on this reaction. 4. The site of action of dicyclohexylcarbodi-imide is in CF0, the mitochondrial fraction that confers oligomycin sensitivity on F1 mitochondrial adenosine triphosphatase.

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