1. The liver and muscle tissues of 14 human anencephalic babies were examined for glycogen content and structure, and for the activities of several glycogen-metabolizing enzymes. 2. In both tissues glycogen content increased with gestation age; the muscle glycogens had a slightly but significantly lower degree of branching than the corresponding liver glycogens. 3. All the expected glycogen-metabolizing enzymes were present; acid maltase activities were higher and phosphoglucomutase activities were lower than the results reported for human adult tissues. Glucose 6-phosphatase activity increased significantly with gestation age.

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