1. The submitochondrial localization of hexokinase activity in preparations of mitochondria from the small intestine of the guinea pig was studied by conventional methods. 2. Hexokinase activity in this tissue was predominantly associated with the outer mitochondrial membrane. 3. The inactivation of mitochondrial enzymes by trypsin in iso-osmotic and hypo-osmotic conditions was also used to determine the submitochondrial localization of hexokinase activity. 4. Hexokinase activity was found to be on the outside of the outer mitochondrial membrane. 5. It was shown that both type I and type II hexokinase activities are bound to the outside of the outer mitochondrial membrane. The types are present in the same ratio as that in which they occur in the cytosol of the cell. 6. Mitochondrial hexokinase from the small intestine did not show the latency phenomenon demonstrated by mitochondrial hexokinase from brain when subjected to a variety of treatments. However, hexokinase activity was solubilized from preparations of mitochondria from the small intestine by the same treatments as for mitochondrial hexokinase from brain. 7. The submitochondrial distribution of hexokinase activity in mitochondrial preparations from rat brain was determined by the trypsin inactivation method. 8. Hexokinase activity in preparations of mitochondria from rat brain was found on the outside of the outer membrane, between the mitochondrial membranes, and within the inner mitochondrial membrane. 9. Hexokinase from rat brain showed latency properties irrespective of its submitochondrial location.
Research Article|September 01 1971
Mitochondrial hexokinase from small-intestinal mucosa and brain
R. J. Mayer;
Biochem J (1971) 124 (3): 491-500.
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R. J. Mayer, G. Hübscher; Mitochondrial hexokinase from small-intestinal mucosa and brain. Biochem J 1 September 1971; 124 (3): 491–500. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj1240491
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