Conditions were investigated for demonstrating the synthesis in vitro of the complete molecule of cytochrome c by isolated liver microsomal systems from partially hepatectomized rats. It was first found that in vivo the early labelled cytochrome c associated with the microsomal fraction required, by comparison with the mitochondrial pool, more drastic conditions of extraction and its binding was less affected by freezing and thawing of the subcellular particles. The procedure of extraction and purification of cytochrome c had to be modified accordingly, to assure the recovery of the recently synthesized molecule. Several subcellular fractions were isolated from regenerating liver with a homogenization medium containing either 5 or 10mm-Mg2+ and most of them were active in the synthesis of the cytochrome c apoprotein. The microsomal fraction, in the presence of either cell sap or pH5.0 fraction, was also able to incorporate [59Fe]haemin, δ-amino[3H]laevulic acid and 55Fe into the prosthetic group of cytochrome c. These experiments confirm firmly the conclusions of our previous results obtained in vivo showing that both the apoprotein and the haem moieties are made and linked together on cytoplasmic ribosomes and only then is the complete molecule transferred to the mitochondria.

This content is only available as a PDF.