1. The glucuronide conjugation of p-nitrophenol, phenolphthalein, o-aminophenol and 4-methylumbelliferone by rat liver microsomes has been studied. The detergent Triton X-100 activated UDP-glucuronyltransferase activity towards all these substrates, therefore the optimum activating concentration was added in all experiments. 2. Mg2+ enhanced the conjugation of the substrates. 3. With phenolphthalein substrate inhibition occurred but this could be relieved by adding albumin, which binds excess of phenolphthalein. 4. Kinetic constants of the substrates and UDP-glucuronate have been determined. Mutual inhibition was found with the substrates p-nitrophenol, 4-methylumbelliferone and phenolphthalein. p-Nitrophenol conjugation was inhibited competitively by phenolphthalein and 4-methylumbelliferone. 5. o-Aminophenol did not inhibit the conjugation of the other three substrates because these are conjugated preferentially to o-aminophenol. 6. It is concluded that the four substrates are conjugated by one enzyme at the same active site.

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