1. Isoelectric focusing studies of human placental diamine oxidase showed the pI value of the active enzyme to be 6.5. This information was used in modifying the enzyme purification by incorporating column chromatography on DEAE-Sephadex with ionic strength and pH gradient elution and this, together with affinity chromatography on concanavalin A-Sepharose, gave a highly purified preparation, with a specific activity of 7.0 units/mg. 2. The enzyme gave the expected stoicheiometry with p-dimethylaminomethylbenzylamine as substrate (Keq. 2700) and also oxidized [8-arginine]vasopressin, [8-lysine]vasopressin, collagen and tropocollagen. Polyacrylamide gel slices showed identical migration of diamine-oxidizing and [8-lysine]vasopressin-oxidizing activity. 3. The molecular weight, determined by ultracentrifugation, sodium dodecyl sulphate/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis, variable polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis and Sephadex G-200 column chromatography, was estimated to be approx. 70000. 4. E.s.r. spectroscopy showed that copper and manganese were present in the purified enzyme. This result was confirmed by atomic absorption spectroscopy, which indicated a stoicheiometry for copper and manganese of approx. 1.0 and 1.2g-atom respectively/70000mol.wt. unit. 5. The e.s.r. spectral intensity did not decrease nor did the spectral line shape change when excess of p-dimethylaminomethylbenzylamine was added to the enzyme. 6. Addition of K13CN to the enzyme eliminated the copper e.s.r. signal without affecting the manganese signal. 7. The placental enzyme therefore appears to differ from other amine oxidases in terms of its metal cofactor requirement, molecular weight and substrate specificity, and possible roles in vivo for this enzyme are discussed.

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