Human erythrocyte ‘ghosts’ were solubilized in 0.5% (w/v) sodium dodecyl sulphate at pH 4.0(I = 0.012 mol/I). At a loading of 1-2 mg of protein/ml of column volume, all of membrane proteins were adsorbed to a column of CPAD [N-(3-carboxypropionyl)-aminodecyl]-Sepharose at pH 4.0 (I = 0-012 mol/1) and room temperature (22 degrees C). Many proteins were subsequently desorbed by raising the pH or by including sodium dodecyl sulphate continuously in the eluting buffer. Experiments with a series of adsorbents homologous with CPAD-Sepharose, in which the length of the hydrocarbon chain was varied, provided strong evidence of hydrophobic interactions, in addition to ionic interactions, in the binding of these proteins to CPAD-Sepharose. Elution with increasing-pH gradients at different concentrations of sodium dodecyl sulphate showed that glycophorin (the major sialoglycoprotein) was eluted in the void volume, at recoveries close to 100%, when the detergent concentration was greater than or equal to 0.3% (w/v). Protein E, the major protein, was desorbed late in the pH gradient even at a high (0.5%, w/v) concentration of the detergent, and was always incompletely desorbed, the maximum recovery recorded being 40%. Spectrin (the high-molecular-weight polypeptide pair) did not behave in a well-defined manner, and was found widely distributed among the effluent fractions under all the conditions that were tested.
Protein chromatography on adsorbents with hydrophobic and ionic groups. Chromatography of dodecyl sulphate-solubilized proteins of the human erythrocyte membrane on N-(3-carboxypropionyl)aminodecyl-sepharose
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R J Simmonds, R J Yon; Protein chromatography on adsorbents with hydrophobic and ionic groups. Chromatography of dodecyl sulphate-solubilized proteins of the human erythrocyte membrane on N-(3-carboxypropionyl)aminodecyl-sepharose. Biochem J 1 July 1976; 157 (1): 153–159. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj1570153
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