More than 80% of the phospholipid component of guinea-pig liver microsomal membranes (prepared with 154mM-KCl) was removed by treatment with phospholipase A followed by extraction of the lysophosphatides and fatty acids produced with albumin. Delipidation strongly inactivated the highly active UDP-glucuronyltransferase of these preparations and activity was restored by mixtures of phosphatidylcholine and lysophosphatidylchlone. However, small quantities of lysophosphatides were still associated with the delipidated fractions after extraction with albumin and might have influenced the inactivation and re-activation observed. To eliminate these uncertainties, microsomal proteins and phospholipids were separated by gel filtration on Sephadex G-150 in the presence of cholate. This technique also strongly inactivated the enzyme but did not generate membrane-active phospholipid degradation products. High transferase activity was again restored to the delipidated protein by choline glycerophosphatides. These results confirm the view that the fully active form of microsomal UDP-glucuronyltransferase is phospholipid-dependent.

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