A new method suitable for measuring rat liver 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase activity is described and its advantages over methods previously available are discussed. An accurate time course was measured for the inhibition of liver microsomal 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase activity by dietary cholesterol; this enzyme was affected 1 1/4 h after the rats began to consume a cholesterol-rich diet. In this experiment there was no correlation between concentrations of microsomal cholesterol ester and the activity of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutary-CoA reductase.

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