1. The inhibitory actions of ten trichothecene antibiotics were investigated, in reticulocyte cell-free systems synthesizing protein in vitro, by studying polyribosome profiles and kinetics of amino acid incorporation in the presence or absence of the drugs. 2. The modes of action observed were critically dependent on the drug concentrations used, but the antibiotics tested could be divided into four distinct groups, each exerting a characteristic inhibitory response. 3. The inhibitory action observed in every case was controlled by the chemical structure of the individual trichothecene and in particular was closely related to the nature of the substituent groups present on C-3, C-4, C-8 and C-15 of the molecule.

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