The very-low-density-lipoprotein secretion rate of isolated hepatocytes obtained from rats fed a high-fat diet was half that of cells from control animals. In fat-fed rats, the initial cellular uptake of [l-14C]oleate in vitro was decreased by 25%, its esterification to triacylglycerols and phospholipids by 50% and its incorporation into very-low-density-lipoprotein triacylglycerols by 70%. Exogenous oleate was not the main precursor of very-low-density lipoproteins in these animals. Lipogenesis, a minor source of very-low-density lipoproteins with the control diet in our experimental conditions, was inhibited by 84% after fat-feeding. A short-term inhibition of lipogenesis in vitro did not result in a decrease in very-low-density-lipoprotein secretion rate. The results suggest that fat-feeding decreased availability of exogenous as well as endogenous fatty acids for synthesis of very-low-density lipoproteins.

This content is only available as a PDF.