The opioid agonists [leucine]enkephalin, [D-Ala2,D-Leu5]enkephalin and dynorphin-(1-13)-peptide, but not morphine, stimulated the conversion of [2-14C]pyruvate into glucose and glycogenolysis when added directly to isolated hepatocytes. Naloxone produced a small but significant inhibition of both the basal and stimulated rate of incorporation of label into glucose but had no effect on the total glucose output by the cells. The effects of the opioid peptides were mediated by a cyclic AMP-independent mechanism.

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