Lactating rats were starved for 48 h and refed a high-carbohydrate diet for a further 48 h. Starvation stops milk secretion, which resumes shortly after refeeding. Three lipogenic enzymes, fatty acid synthase, glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (EC and ‘malic’ enzyme (EC all decrease in the mammary gland during starvation and are restored to the pre-starvation levels 48 h after refeeding. The same enzymes in liver also decrease during starvation, but increase to values significantly higher than those for the normal fed rats after refeeding the high-carbohydrate diet. For the fatty acid synthase these values were four times the pre-starvation values. Serum insulin and prolactin concentrations also increased upon refeeding the high-carbohydrate diet.

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