Several beta-lactamases, enzymes that play an important part in antibiotic resistance, have been purified by affinity chromatography on boronic acid gels. The procedure is rapid, appears to be selective for beta-lactamases, and allows a one-step purification of large amounts of enzyme from crude cell extracts. We have found the method useful for any beta-lactamase that is inhibited by boronic acids. Two kinds of boronic acid column have been prepared, the more hydrophobic one being reserved for those beta-lactamases that bind boronic acids relatively weakly. beta-Lactamase I from Bacillus cereus, P99 beta-lactamase and K 1 beta-lactamase from Gram-negative bacteria are among the better-known beta-lactamases that have been purified by this method. The procedure has also been used to purify a novel beta-lactamase from Pseudomonas maltophilia in high yield; the enzyme has an exceptionally broad substrate profile and hydrolyses monocyclic beta-lactams such as azthreonam and desthiobenzylpenicillin.

This content is only available as a PDF.