We investigated the hypothesis that extracellular Na+ is required for the rapid mobilization of Ca2+ by rat parotid cells after adrenergic stimulation. When Na+ salts in the media were osmotically replaced with either choline chloride (+atropine) or sucrose, efflux of 45Ca2+ from preloaded cells, caused by 10 microM-(-)-adrenaline, was unchanged. Similarly adrenaline stimulated 45Ca2+ uptake into cells under nonsteady-state conditions in the presence or absence of Na+. Monensin, a Na+ ionophore, was able to elicit a modest increase in 45Ca2+ efflux, compared with controls. Studies of net 45Ca2+ flux, performed under near-steady-state conditions, showed that adrenaline caused net 45Ca2+ accumulation, whereas monensin caused net 45Ca2+ release. The effect of monensin required the presence of Na+ in the incubation medium. Both 1 mM-LaCl3 and 0.1 mM-D-600 prevented adrenaline-stimulated 45Ca2+ uptake into cells, but had no effect on monensin-induced changes. We conclude that (1) the rapid mobilization of Ca2+ by adrenergic agonists seen in rat parotid cells does not require a Na+out greater than Na+in gradient and (2) the nature of the monensin effect is quite different from the adrenergic-agonist-induced response.

This content is only available as a PDF.