Lysyl oxidase activity was assayed in urea extracts of a number of human tissues, proving to be highest in skin. Antibodies to human placental lysyl oxidase completely inhibited the activity of crude lysyl oxidase from all the human tissues studied, with no significant differences in the amounts of antiserum required for 50% inhibition. By contrast, marked differences were found in this value between skin tissue samples from different species. The Mr of lysyl oxidase in crude extracts of human skin and in the medium of cultured human skin fibroblasts was 30 000 by gel filtration, no active species with a higher Mr being detectable. Four forms of lysyl oxidase activity were seen in DEAE-cellulose chromatography of urea extract from human skin, all having Mr 30 000. Antibodies to human placental lysyl oxidase stained a 30 000-Mr protein in urea extracts of all the human tissues studied and in the medium of cultured human skin fibroblasts when examined by immunoblotting after sodium dodecyl sulphate/polyacrylamide-slab-gel electrophoresis, but they also stained high-Mr material. The findings suggest that there are no immunologically distinct lysyl oxidase isoenzymes in the various human tissues and that the true Mr of lysyl oxidase in crude urea extracts is 30 000.

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