Chemical modification of bovine and yeast Cu, Zn superoxide dismutases with phenylglyoxal diminishes the catalytic activities by greater than or equal to 98%, and treatment of these enzymes with butanedione plus borate leads to greater than or equal to 96% inactivation. The activity loss is accompanied by the modification of less than two arginine residues per subunit with no concomitant loss of Cu or Zn. The phenylglyoxal-modified enzymes require at least a 20-fold greater concentration of cyanide for 50% inhibition than do the corresponding native enzymes. Polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis and activity staining of the phenylglyoxal-inactivated enzymes demonstrate that the residual activity is largely associated with modified forms that bear lower net positive charge than the native superoxide dismutases.
Essentiality of the active-site arginine residue for the normal catalytic activity of Cu, Zn superoxide dismutase
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C L Borders, J E Saunders, D M Blech, I Fridovich; Essentiality of the active-site arginine residue for the normal catalytic activity of Cu, Zn superoxide dismutase. Biochem J 15 September 1985; 230 (3): 771–776. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj2300771
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