Platelet stimulation by thrombin or Ca2+ ionophore induces mobilization of arachidonate from lipid stores. We have previously shown that, in [14C]arachidonic acid-prelabelled resting platelets, [14C]arachidonate was transferred from diacyl-sn-glycerophosphocholine to ethanolamine and choline-containing ether phospholipids. This transfer reached an equilibrium after 5 h incubation [Colard, Breton & Bereziat (1984a) Biochem. J. 222, 657-662]. [14C]Arachidonate-prelabelled platelets having reached this transfer equilibrium were used to study the mobilization of arachidonate in etheracyl and diacyl phospholipids. Upon thrombin stimulation, arachidonate decreased in diacyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoinositol, in alkylacyl- and diacyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine and increased in alkenylacyl- and diacyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine. Upon challenge with Ca2+ ionophore A23187, arachidonate decreased in diacyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine, in diacyl- and alkylacyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine and increased in alkenylacyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine. We also compared arachidonate mobilization in platelets stimulated immediately after [14C]arachidonic acid chase with platelets stimulated after 5 h reincubation. We observed that the arachidonate newly incorporated into diacyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine and triacylglycerols was rapidly released upon stimulation. This suggests the presence in these two lipids of a rapidly-turning-over arachidonate pool.

This content is only available as a PDF.