The administration to rats of putrescine (750 mumol/kg body wt.) caused in liver, kidney and heart an increase in putrescine at 1 h and in diamine oxidase (EC activity within 3-6 h. An increase in spermidine was observed at 9 h in liver and at 6 h in kidney, whereas in heart there was no change. The increase in diamine oxidase activity by exogenous putrescine was prevented by the administration of actinomycin D and cycloheximide, suggesting that syntheses of mRNA and protein are involved. Equimolar doses of 1,3-diaminopropane, 1,5-diaminopentane and monoacetylputrescine stimulated, similarly to putrescine, hepatic, renal and cardiac diamine oxidase activity. After the injection of a non-toxic dose of spermidine (750 mumol/kg body wt.), the increase in diamine oxidase activity occurred at 9 h in all the tissues studied, when a substantial putrescine formation from spermidine occurred. sym-Norspermidine, which is unable to form putrescine, did not cause an increase in enzyme activity. The possibility that the tissue contents of putrescine might regulate diamine oxidase activity is discussed.

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