1. Mitochondria from the parasitic nematode worm Nippostrongylus brasiliensis produce H2O2 in the energized state; higher rates of H2O2 production were observed in the presence of the uncoupler carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone. 2. Antimycin A inhibits respiration and H2O2 production by 70 and 65% respectively; the residual activities can be attributed to alternative electron-transport pathway(s). 3. o-Hydroxydiphenyl and 1,3,5-trihydroxybenzene, inhibitors of alternative electron transport, inhibit respiration by 37% and H2O2 production by 26%. 4. Another inhibitor of alternative electron transport, salicylhydroxamic acid, shows a complex mode of action; low concentrations (less than 0.5 mM) stimulate respiration and H2O2 production, whereas 2 mM-salicylhydroxamic acid inhibited respiration by 35% and stopped H2O2 production completely. 5. O2 thresholds were observed for the inhibition of respiration at O2 concentrations greater than 57.7 microM and inhibition of H2O2 production (greater than 20.5 microM-O2); apparent Km values for oxygen were 5.5 microM and 3.0 microM respectively. 6. In the presence of antimycin A the O2-inhibition thresholds and apparent Km values for O2 of respiration and H2O2 production matched closely, suggesting that the alternative oxidase is a likely site of H2O2 production. 7. These results are discussed in relation to O2 toxicity to N. brasiliensis.

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