In the present paper, gel-filtration studies of diferric-ovotransferrin (Fe2OTf), the individual half-molecules of ovotransferrin (OTf) and equimolar mixtures of half-molecules have been interpreted according to the Gilbert theory as developed by Ackers & Thompson [(1965) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 53, 342-349]. The data indicate that the half-molecules associate reversibly in solution and allow determination of a dissociation constant, Kd' = 8.0 (+/- 2.7) microM. Equilibrium binding studies have been performed using NH4Cl to block removal of iron from equimolar differentially iodine-labelled half-molecules (125I and 131I), in order to evaluate the binding of each to chick-embryo red blood cells under identical conditions. The amount of associated half-molecules over a range of concentrations has been calculated using the constant derived from the gel-filtration experiments described above. A computerized non-linear least-squares regression analysis of the data leads to determination of Kd* (the apparent dissociation constant for the interaction between OTf or half-molecules and the transferrin (Tf) receptors of chick-embryo red blood cells) and Bmax (binding at infinite free-ligand concentration) for the half-molecules similar to those found for Fe2OTf. Recent reports confirm that the two iron-binding domains of both OTf and human lactotransferrin associate non-covalently in solution. Our work shows that the isolated half-molecules of OTf are able to reassociate in solution and that this reassociation has functional significance by allowing the complex to be recognized by the Tf receptor.
Reversible association of half-molecules of ovotransferrin in solution. Basis of co-operative binding to reticulocytes
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A Brown-Mason, S A Brown, N D Butcher, R C Woodworth; Reversible association of half-molecules of ovotransferrin in solution. Basis of co-operative binding to reticulocytes. Biochem J 1 July 1987; 245 (1): 103–109. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj2450103
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