The susceptibility of a number of human neutrophil granule enzymes to oxidative inactivation was investigated. Addition of H2O2 to the cell-free medium from stimulated neutrophils resulted in inactivation of all enzymes tested. This was inhibited by azide and methionine, indicating that inactivation was due to myeloperoxidase-derived oxidants. Lysozyme was more than 50% inactivated by one addition of 100 nmol of H2O2/ml, whereas myeloperoxidase, beta-glucuronidase, gelatinase and collagenase were almost completely inactivated by three additions. Cathepsin G was slightly less susceptible, whereas elastase was extremely resistant to oxidative attack. Myeloperoxidase-dependent enzyme inactivation may be a means whereby the neutrophil can terminate the activity of its granule enzymes and control the release of degradative enzymes into the tissues.

This content is only available as a PDF.