1. Basal and carbachol-stimulated accumulations of isomeric [3H]inositol mono-, bis-, tris- and tetrakis-phosphates were examined in rat cerebral-cortex slices labelled with myo-[2-3H]inositol. 2. In control samples the major [3H]inositol phosphates detected were co-eluted on h.p.l.c. with Ins(1)P, Ins(4)P (inositol 1- and 4-monophosphate respectively), Ins(1,4)P2 (inositol 1,4-bisphosphate), Ins(1,4,5)P3 (inositol 1,4,5-tris-phosphate) and Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 (inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate). 3. After stimulation to steady state with carbachol, accumulation of each of these products was markedly increased. 4. Agonist stimulation, however, also evoked much more dramatic increased accumulations of a second [3H]inositol trisphosphate, which was co-eluted on h.p.l.c. with authentic Ins(1,3,4)P3 (inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate) and of three further [3H]inositol bisphosphates ([3H]InsP2(s]. 5. Examination of the latter by chemical degradation by periodate oxidation and/or h.p.l.c. allowed identification of these as [3H]Ins(1,3)P2, [3H]Ins(3,4)P2 and [3H]Ins(4,5)P2 (inositol 1,3-, 3,4- and 4,5-bisphosphates respectively), which respectively accounted for about 22%, 8% and 3% of total [3H]InsP2 in extracts from stimulated tissue slices. 6. By using a h.p.l.c. method which clearly resolves Ins(1,3,4,5)P4 and Ins(1,3,4,6)P4 (inositol 1,3,4,6-tetrakisphosphate), only the former isomer could be detected in extracts from either control or stimulated tissue slices. Similarly, [3H]inositol pentakis- and hexakis-phosphates were not detectable either in the presence or absence of carbachol under the radiolabelling conditions described. 7. The catabolism of [3H]Ins(1,4,5)P3 and [3H]Ins(1,3,4)P3 by cell-free preparations from cerebral cortex was also studied. 8. In the presence of Mg2+, [3H]Ins(1,4,5)P3 was specifically dephosphorylated via [3H]Ins(1,4)P2 and [3H]Ins(4)P to free [3H]inositol, whereas [3H]Ins(1,3,4)P3 was degraded via [3H]Ins(3,4)P2 and, to a lesser extent, via [3H]Ins(1,3)P2 to D- and/or L-[3H]Ins(1)P and [3H]inositol. 9. In the presence of EDTA, hydrolysis of [3H]Ins(1,4,5)P3 was greater than or equal to 95% inhibited, whereas [3H]Ins(1,3,4)P3 was still degraded, but yielded only a single [3H]InsP2 identified as [3H]Ins(1,3)P2. 10. The significance of these observations with cell-free preparations is discussed in relation to the proportions of the separate isomeric [3H]inositol phosphates measured in stimulated tissue slices.
Accumulation of inositol polyphosphate isomers in agonist-stimulated cerebral-cortex slices. Comparison with metabolic profiles in cell-free preparations
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I H Batty, A J Letcher, S R Nahorski; Accumulation of inositol polyphosphate isomers in agonist-stimulated cerebral-cortex slices. Comparison with metabolic profiles in cell-free preparations. Biochem J 15 February 1989; 258 (1): 23–32. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj2580023
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