To evaluate the functional and structural characteristics of the parathyroid hormone (PTH) receptors on different tissues and the possible heterogeneity in structure and function, PTH receptors on dog kidney membrane, human kidney membrane, chick bone cell membrane and human dermal fibroblast membrane were evaluated. The results showed that human kidney plasma membrane, canine kidney plasma membrane and chick bone cell membrane possess one single class of PTH receptor with a Kd (dissociation constant) of 1-5 nM and an IC50 also of 1-5 nM. The number of binding sites was 800 fmol per mg of protein for chick bone cell particulate membrane, 1-5 pmol per mg of protein for human kidney plasma membrane and 2.2 pmol per mg of protein for dog kidney plasma membrane. Photoaffinity labelling identified a major binding component with a molecular mass of 70 kDa in all three types of membrane. The plasma membrane fraction from human dermal fibroblast contained two different binding sites for PTH with high (Kd = 2 nM) and low (Kd = 580 nM) affinities respectively. The IC50 for the adenylate cyclase is about 2 nM, which is similar to the Kd of the high-affinity site. Photoaffinity labelling also demonstrated a major binding component with a molecular weight of 70 kDa. We conclude that structural and functional similarity exists among the PTH receptors present on chick bone cell membrane, dog kidney membrane and human kidney membrane. The human dermal fibroblast possesses two different binding sites, one of which is coupled to adenylate cyclase.

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