Both aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH, EC 1.2.1.3) and the aldehyde dehydrogenase activity of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH, EC 1.1.1.1) were found to coexist in Drosophila melanogaster larvae. The enzymes, however, showed different inhibition patterns with respect to pyrazole, cyanamide and disulphiram. ALDH-1 and ALDH-2 isoenzymes were detected in larvae by electrophoretic methods. Nonetheless, in tracer studies in vivo, more than 75% of the acetaldehyde converted to acetate by the ADH ethanol-degrading pathway appeared to be also catalysed by the ADH enzyme. The larval fat body probably was the major site of this pathway.

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