A form of sulphotransferase capable of sulphating dehydroepiandrosterone and other steroids was purified from cytosol prepared from human liver. Dehydroepiandrosterone sulphotransferase was purified 621-fold when compared with the activity in cytosol using DEAE-Sepharose CL-6B and adenosine 3′,5′-bisphosphate-agarose affinity chromatography. During affinity chromatography, dehydroepiandrosterone sulphation activity could be resolved from p-nitrophenol sulphation activity catalysed by phenol sulphotransferase by using a gradient of adenosine 3′-phosphate 5′-phosphosulphate. The purified enzyme was most active towards dehydroepiandrosterone but was capable of conjugating a number of other steroids, including pregnenolone, androsterone and beta-oestradiol. No activity towards p-nitrophenol or dopamine, substrates for the phenol sulphotransferase, was observed with the pure enzyme. A single band with a subunit molecular mass of 35 kDa was observed by Coomassie Blue staining following SDS/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis of the purified enzyme. A molecular mass of 68-70 kDa was calculated for the active form of the enzyme by chromatography on Sephacryl S-200, suggesting that the active form of the enzyme is a dimer.

This content is only available as a PDF.