The e.p.r. signals attributable to a cytochrome bd-type ubiquinol: O2 oxidoreductase (cytochrome b-558-b-595-d) were studied in a cytoplasmic membrane preparation of Escherichia coli that had been grown on glycerol with fumarate as respiratory-chain oxidant. Two major high-spin ferric haem signals were resolved on the basis of their potentiometric behaviour: a rhombic high-spin species (gx = 6.25, gy = 5.54) was assigned to haem b-595, and an axial high-spin (gx = 5.97, gy = 5.96) species was assigned to the haem d. These signals titrated with Em.7 values of 154 and 261 mV respectively, corresponding closely to optically determined values for haem b-595 and haem d. At high potentials (greater than 300 mV) the rhombic species attributable to haem b-595 underwent a partial transition to a second rhombic species with g-values of 6.24 (gx) and 5.67 (gy). The high-spin ferric haem spectra were affected by O2, CO, cyanide and pH. A low-spin ferric haem signal was observed at g = 3.3 (gz), which titrated with an Em.7 of 226 mV, and this was assigned to haem b-558. The data support a model for cytochrome bd with two ligand-binding sites, a single haem d and a single haem b-595.

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