1. Rats were made hypothyroid by giving them a low-iodine diet with propylthiouracil for 4 weeks, or were made hyperthyroid by injection with tri-iodothyronine (T3) over a 3-day period. 2. Brown adipocytes were isolated from the interscapular depots of these animals or from their euthyroid controls, followed by isolation of mitochondria from the cells. 3. Relative to cell DNA content, hypothyroidism decreased the maximum binding (Bmax.) of [3H]GDP to mitochondria by 50%. T3 treatment increased binding by 37%. 4. These findings, which are discussed in relation to previously observed changes in brown adipose tissue after alteration of thyroid status, suggest that mitochondrial uncoupling for thermogenesis is less or more effective in hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism respectively.

This content is only available as a PDF.