Two new proteins with apparent molecular masses of 53 kDa and 190 kDa have been identified in both sarcoplasmic reticulum and human blood platelets using a monoclonal antibody, FII1b5. The sarcoplasmic reticulum FII1b5 antigens were present in the terminal cisternae fraction, but were absent from light sarcoplasmic reticulum. The platelet and skeletal muscle proteins were not sensitive to digestion with endoglycosidase H under conditions that removed carbohydrate from the 53 kDa glycoprotein in sarcoplasmic reticulum or GPIIIa in platelet microsomes and did not bind 45Ca in a nitrocellulose overlay calcium-binding assay. These results distinguished the FII1b5 antigens from the 53 kDa glycoprotein and calsequestrin of sarcoplasmic reticulum. The 190 kDa platelet and sarcoplasmic reticulum proteins were extracted from membranes with high concentrations of NaCl, indicating that the high molecular mass FII1b5 antigens are peripherally associated with the bilayers. In contrast, the platelet and muscle 53 kDa proteins remained membrane-bound in the presence of high salt concentrations, suggesting that they are integral proteins.

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