Parotid glands were stimulated to growth by repeated injection of the beta-agonist isoprenaline into rats. Incubation of intact parotid-gland lobules with [32P]Pi and subsequent analysis of nuclear proteins revealed in the stimulated glands an increased 32P incorporation into two acid-soluble non-histone proteins with apparent Mr values of 110,000 and 130,000 (p110 and p130). After a single injection of isoprenaline, leading to a biphasic increase in DNA synthesis (maximum at 24 h), the same two proteins showed a transiently increased 32P incorporation at 17 h after injection. At this time point at the onset of DNA synthesis the total activity of soluble cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase decreased. No change in p110/p130 phosphorylation was observed at 0.3 h after stimulation, a time of maximal stimulation of secretion. Administration of the beta-antagonist propranolol 8 h after the injection of isoprenaline suppressed the increase in DNA synthesis, the preceding changes in the concentration of cyclic AMP and in the activity of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase, as well as the increased phosphorylation of p110 and p130. Cross-reactivity of p110 and p130 with specific antisera against two nucleolar phosphoproteins of similar molecular mass (nucleolin and pp135), as well as their localization in a nucleolar cell fraction, indicated a possible identity of p110 and p130 with these two proteins. Our results suggest that nucleolin and pp135 are nuclear target proteins of cyclic AMP in the cyclic AMP-influenced regulation of the transition of cells from the G1 to the S phase.
Co-ordinated changes in the cyclic AMP signalling system and the phosphorylation of two nuclear proteins of Mr 130,000 and 110,000 during proliferative stimulation of the rat parotid gland by isoprenaline. Possible identity of the two proteins with pp135 and nucleolin
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J Hoffmann, G Schwoch; Co-ordinated changes in the cyclic AMP signalling system and the phosphorylation of two nuclear proteins of Mr 130,000 and 110,000 during proliferative stimulation of the rat parotid gland by isoprenaline. Possible identity of the two proteins with pp135 and nucleolin. Biochem J 1 November 1989; 263 (3): 785–793. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj2630785
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