The stimulation of O2.- generation by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) in human neutrophil-derived cytoplasts was inhibited by a variety of phospholipase A2 inhibitors in a concentration-dependent manner. Inhibition was found to be independent of the order of addition of the inhibitor and PMA. The most potent inhibitor, RO 31-4639, inhibited O2.- generation with an IC50 value (concentration causing 50% inhibition) of 1.5 microM. The addition of either arachidonic acid or SDS, in the presence of the inhibitors, was able to restore O2.- generation. The results suggest that arachidonic acid, released by phospholipase A2, is necessary for both the activation and the maintenance of O2.- generation by the NADPH oxidase.
Superoxide generation is inhibited by phospholipase A2 inhibitors. Role for phospholipase A2 in the activation of the NADPH oxidase
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L M Henderson, J B Chappell, O T G Jones; Superoxide generation is inhibited by phospholipase A2 inhibitors. Role for phospholipase A2 in the activation of the NADPH oxidase. Biochem J 15 November 1989; 264 (1): 249–255. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj2640249
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