The stimulation of O2.- generation by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) in human neutrophil-derived cytoplasts was inhibited by a variety of phospholipase A2 inhibitors in a concentration-dependent manner. Inhibition was found to be independent of the order of addition of the inhibitor and PMA. The most potent inhibitor, RO 31-4639, inhibited O2.- generation with an IC50 value (concentration causing 50% inhibition) of 1.5 microM. The addition of either arachidonic acid or SDS, in the presence of the inhibitors, was able to restore O2.- generation. The results suggest that arachidonic acid, released by phospholipase A2, is necessary for both the activation and the maintenance of O2.- generation by the NADPH oxidase.

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