The binding characteristics of reduced hepatic membrane proteins for acetylated low-density lipoprotein (acetyl-LDL) and maleylated bovine serum albumin (Mal-BSA) have been examined. Two receptor activities were extracted from hepatic membranes in the presence of octyl beta-D-glucoside and beta-mercaptoethanol, and were separated by chromatography on Mal-BSA-Sepharose 4B. The receptors were revealed by ligand blotting. The active binding proteins had apparent molecular masses of 35 and 15 kDa in SDS/polyacrylamide gels. Equilibrium studies with protein-phosphatidylcholine complexes indicated that the reduced 35 kDa protein expresses two binding sites for Mal-BSA and one for acetyl-LDL, whereas the 15 kDa protein-phosphatidylcholine complex binds 131I-Mal-BSA and 131I-acetyl-LDL with a 4:1 stoichiometry. 131I-Mal-BSA binding was linear with both proteins, with a Kd of 4.8 nM at the 35 kDa protein and a Kd of 5.6 nM at the 15 kDa protein. The 35 kDa protein displayed saturable binding of 131I-acetyl-LDL with a Kd of 5 nM; the 15 kDa binding protein bound 131I-acetyl-LDL with a Kd of 2.3 nM. A 85 kDa protein was obtained by Mal-BSA-Sepharose chromatography when the hepatic membranes had been solubilized with Triton X-100 in presence of GSH/GSSG. This protein displayed saturable 131I-Mal-BSA binding with a Kd of 30 nM and 131I-acetyl-LDL binding with a Kd of 6.5 nM. The 131I-Mal-BSA binding capacity was four times higher than that of 131I-acetyl-LDL. Competition studies with the 35 kDa, 15 kDa and 85 kDa proteins binding Mal-BSA, acetyl-LDL, formylated albumin and polyanionic competitors provide evidence for the existence of more than one class of binding sites at the reduced binding proteins.
Binding characteristics of reduced hepatic receptors for acetylated low-density lipoprotein and maleylated bovine serum albumin
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E Ottnad, D P Via, H Sinn, E Friedrich, R Ziegler, H A Dresel; Binding characteristics of reduced hepatic receptors for acetylated low-density lipoprotein and maleylated bovine serum albumin. Biochem J 1 February 1990; 265 (3): 689–698. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj2650689
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