The protein and phospholipid composition of microvesicles released from normal human erythrocytes after ATP depletion, on aging or by treatment with merocyanine 540, dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine or Ca2+/ionophore A23187 has been compared with the composition of the original cell membrane. It has been shown that these microvesicles are depleted of band 3, glycophorin and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate relative to phospholipid by 40% or more. These data are interpreted to mean that less than half of these membrane components are free to diffuse laterally in the lipid bilayer. Acetylcholinesterase was found to be enriched 2-3-fold in microvesicles, possibly because the removal of non-diffusing proteins from the vesiculating region of the lipid bilayer allows more space for freely diffusing proteins like acetylcholinesterase to enter the microvesicle membrane.
Restricted diffusion of integral membrane proteins and polyphosphoinositides leads to their depletion in microvesicles released from human erythrocytes
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C Hagelberg, D Allan; Restricted diffusion of integral membrane proteins and polyphosphoinositides leads to their depletion in microvesicles released from human erythrocytes. Biochem J 1 November 1990; 271 (3): 831–834. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj2710831
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