Bovine, human and porcine heart mitochondria and isolated porcine heart pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDHC) pyruvate-dependently form N-hydroxy-N-arylacetamides from nitroso aromatic compounds, including carcinogenic 4-biphenyl and 2-fluorenyl derivatives. The PDHC-catalysed formation of N-hydroxyacetanilide (N-OH-AA) from nitrosobenzene (NOB), through a Ping Pong mechanism, is optimum at pH 6.8 and is accelerated by thiamin pyrophosphate, but is inhibited by thiamin thiazolone pyrophosphate and ATP. Km pyruvate in the reaction is independent of pH over the range tested, whereas KmNOB increases at lower pH, owing to ionization of an active-site functional group of pKa 6.3. The enzymic ionization decreases log (Vmax/KmNOB). Isolated pyruvate dehydrogenase (E1), a constitutive enzyme of PDHC, forms N-OH-AA by itself and has comparable kinetic parameters to those of the PDHC-catalysed N-OH-AA formation. The catalytic efficiency of PDHC in the formation of N-hydroxy-N-arylacylamides, due to the steric limitation of the active site of E1, is lowered both by bulky alkyl groups of alpha-oxo acids and by p-substituents (but not an o-substituent) on nitrosobenzenes. These nitroso compounds serve as electrophiles in the reaction in which the reductive acetylation step is rate-limiting. The reaction mechanism and other factors affecting N-hydroxy-N-arylacylamide formation are discussed.

This content is only available as a PDF.