Fatty acid beta-oxidation was studied in organellar fractions from maize root tips by h.p.l.c. and radiometric analysis of the products of incubations with [1-14C]octanoate and [1-14C]palmitate. In crude organellar fractions containing both mitochondria and peroxisomes, octanoate and palmitate beta-oxidation, as determined by the production of acetyl-CoA, was functional and, for palmitate, was activated 4-12-fold after subjecting the root tips to 48 h of glucose starvation. The sensitivity to a ‘cocktail’ of respiratory-chain inhibitors containing cyanide, azide and salicylhydroxamate depended on the conditions of incubation, with no inhibition in a medium facilitating peroxisomal beta-oxidation and a significant inhibition in a medium potentially facilitating mitochondrial beta-oxidation. Indeed, preparations of highly purified mitochondria from glucose-starved root tips were able to oxidize octanoate and palmitate to give organic acids of the tricarboxylic acid cycle. This activity was inhibited 5-10-fold by the above cocktail of respiratory-chain inhibitors, with no parallel accumulation of acetyl-CoA, thus showing that the inhibition affected beta-oxidation rather than the pathway from acetyl-CoA to the organic acids. This provides the first evidence that the complete beta-oxidation pathway from fatty acids to citrate was functional in mitochondria from a higher plant. Moreover, an acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity was shown to be present in the purified mitochondria. In contrast with the peroxisomal activity, mitochondrial beta-oxidation showed the same efficiency with octanoate and palmitate and was strictly dependent on glucose starvation.
Effects of glucose starvation on the oxidation of fatty acids by maize root tip mitochondria and peroxisomes: evidence for mitochondrial fatty acid β-oxidation and acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity in a higher plant
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M Dieuaide, I Couée, A Pradet, P Raymond; Effects of glucose starvation on the oxidation of fatty acids by maize root tip mitochondria and peroxisomes: evidence for mitochondrial fatty acid β-oxidation and acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity in a higher plant. Biochem J 15 November 1993; 296 (1): 199–207. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj2960199
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