Various murine tissues were tested, by using a protein kinase C-eta-specific antiserum, for the expression of type eta protein kinase C. Brain was found to be the richest source of a type eta isoenzyme. Native protein kinase C-eta was partially purified from the cytosol of murine brain by chromatography on DEAE-Sepharose, hydroxyapatite and protamine-agarose. This procedure resulted in a separation of protein kinase C-eta from the other phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-responsive isoenzymes (alpha, beta, gamma, delta, epsilon) and allowed, for the first time, characterization of the native enzyme. The protein kinase C of type eta from mouse brain is a phospholipid-dependent Ca(2+)-unresponsive protein kinase. Both PMA and bryostatin activate the kinase for phosphorylation of a substrate as well as for autophosphorylation. Various pseudo-substrate-related peptides are suitable as substrates for the eta-type kinase, peptide delta being the best and peptides eta and epsilon the poorest substrates. The enzyme is inhibited by staurosporine and staurosporine-related compounds, such as K252a and Gö 6976. However, protein kinase C-eta, like protein kinase C-delta, is around two orders of magnitude less sensitive towards Gö 6976 than are the Ca(2+)-responsive isoenzymes (alpha, beta, gamma). The eta-type protein kinase C exhibits an extreme tendency to lose its PMA-responsiveness. Consequently, purification of the enzyme to homogeneity has not yet been successful.

This content is only available as a PDF.