Cytosolic glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) from rat kidneys were purified by a combination of glutathione and S-hexylglutathione affinity columns. The isolated GSTs were subjected to reverse-phase HPLC and electrospray MS analysis. The major GST isoenzymes expressed in kidney are subunits 1, 2, 7 and 8. GST 1´, 3, and 4 are expressed in minor amounts. GST 10 is barely detectable in the male kidney cytosol. The molecular masses of these rat kidney GST subunits were determined by MS. The values obtained for subunits 1´, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8 and 10 are identical with those obtained for rat liver GSTs. Rat kidney GST 1 consists of three polypeptides, with molecular masses of 25517, 25372 and 24982 Da. Results from peptide mapping, MS and amino-acid-sequencing analyses indicate that the major components were generated by deleting the C-terminal phenylalanine (24982 Da) and the C-terminal IFKF tetrapeptide (25372 Da) from the GST 1 subunit, respectively. The 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene-conjugating and peroxidase activities of kidney GST 1 are substantially lower than for its counterpart from rat liver. In addition, rat kidney GST 1 has an arginine and a valine residue at positions 151 and 207 respectively. The results are in contradiction with the SWISS-PROT and GenBank rat liver GST 1 cDNA-sequencing data, which give a lysine and a methionine at the corresponding positions. Further analyses indicate that rat liver GST 1 also has C-terminal phenylalanine deletion, and an arginine and a valine residue at positions 151 and 207 respectively. However, the C-terminal-tetrapeptide-deleted form was not observed for rat liver GST 1.

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