A cDNA encoding the human Theta-class glutathione transferase GSTT2-2 was expressed in Escherichia coli as a ubiquitin fusion protein. The co-translational removal of the ubiquitin by a cloned ubiquitin-specific protease, Ubp1, generates enzymically active GSTT2-2 without any additional N-terminal residues. The recombinant isoenzyme was purified to apparent homogeneity by DEAE anion-exchange, gel filtration, dye ligand chromatography and high resolution anion-exchange chromatography on Mono Q FPLC. The recombinant enzyme had significant activity with a range of substrates, including cumene hydroperoxide and 1-menapthyl sulphate. The activity of GSTT2-2 with a range of secondary lipid peroxidation products such as the trans,trans-alka-2,4-dienals and trans-alk-2-enals, as well as its glutathione peroxidase activity with organic hydroperoxides, suggest that it may play a significant role in protection against the products of lipid peroxidation.

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